As a result of a volcanic disaster, the massive eruption of nearby Mt.
A community had existed at Pompeii, near present-day Naples, in proximity of the Sarnus River and the Bay of Naples since the eighth century b.
Initially the Etruscans, then the Samnites, and finally the Romans controlled the prosperous trading town that was colonized and known as Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum by 80 b. Mount Vesuvius, which had formed at least 17, years earlier, was one mile away. Pompeii endured numerous landslides due to extensive rains.
A series of earthquakes, some minor, but one particularly strong one, wreaked havoc on Pompeii in 62 c. The citizens began an extensive rebuilding process in Pompeii and used richer materials for their houses and their art.
Despite some volcanic rumblings and the wells drying up, the Pompeiani had no inkling of the calamitous event to follow because Mount Vesuvius had been idle for centuries.
Although a few people left the city on August 24, 79 c. The intense ash clouded the Sun for several days and created a tsunami in the Bay of Naples. The volcanic debris had a temperature of degrees Fahrenheit. Some survivors claimed their possessions, but there was no thought of restoration.
Pompeii remained buried for the next 16 centuries. An excellent description of the event is found in The Letters of Pliny the Younger. Although some excavations were undertaken in the 16th century, the first serious excavations at Pompeii took place under the patronage of King Charles VII of the Two Sicilies r.
His team withdrew numerous artifacts that were displayed in the National Museum in Naples. Then, from to more scientifically acceptable excavations under Giuseppi Fiorelli —96 took place.
His meticulous note taking, recording, and preservation revealed a fascinating glimpse at a Roman town. He innovated and made plaster casts of the 2, skeletons found in Pompeii indicating how and where they died. Some of the buildings still stand: Numerous other excavation directors have worked on Pompeii, which was around 66 percent uncovered in Although the Italian government has offered financial incentives to the nearly 1 million citizens in the area to relocate in case Mount Vesuvius erupts again, many modern-days Pompeiani refuse to leave.
Herculaneum, a small town between Pompeii and Naples, known as Ercolano sincewas decimated by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 c. The luxury town of approximately 5, inhabitants had suffered an earthquake in 63 c. After considerable rebuilding Herculaneum enjoyed a booming economy and was comprised of vacation villas, a number of restaurants, a market, and a mill.
On August 24, 79 c. Herculaneum was rediscovered in after a huge stash of impressive statues was found there.
Excavations were carried on from toand tunnels were built to access the ruins.Pompeii And Herculaneum Economy Essay. Cities of Vesuvius: Pompeii and Herculaneum The economies of Pompeii and Herculaneum in A.D.
79 were extensively influenced by their geographical location at the bay of Naples and on the fertile volcanic soils of Vesuvius.
It suffocated all life, and remained lost to the known world from the time the eruption in 79 A.D until an archaeological discovery in A.D. On 5th February, 62 A.D, some seventeen years prior to the 79 A.D volcanic eruption that finally suffocated Pompeii, an enormous earthquake occurred.
Pompeii and Herculaneum Economic life: The amphitheatre: The amphitheatre was built in 70bc by the magistrates to provide entertainment for the people of Pompeii. The Pompeii amphitheatre is the oldest surviving amphitheatre in the Roman world. New research has immensely impacted on our understanding of daily life in both Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Experts in archaeology, science and other fields have revealed copious amounts of information about people, buildings and food found in the two cities prior to the eruption in 62 AD. On the top of the social structure in Pompeii and Herculaneum was Freeborn.
Freeborn men and women were classified as the high-class residents of Pompeii and Herculaneum, both politically and socially.
Freeborn people lived on altering their lives to satisfy and impress the people of . The Urban Setting Of Pompeii Words | 5 Pages.
Introduction Ancient Pompeii was a planned city, like countless other Roman cities, military camps and forts. Roman colonies founded on open field sites display Roman grid planning, or Centuriation, at its most elaborate such as at .