Its founder, Zhao Kuangyin known by his temple name, Taizuthe commander of the capital area of… The Bei Song was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, the military inspector general of the Hou Later Zhou dynasty last of the Five Dynastieswho usurped control of the empire in a coup. Thereafter, he used his mastery of diplomatic maneuvering to persuade powerful potential rivals to exchange their power for honours and sinecures, and he proceeded to become an admirable emperor known as Taizuhis temple name. Before his death he had begun an expansion into the small Ten Kingdoms of southern China. Over time, the quality of the bureaucracy deteriorated, and when the Juchen Chinese:
Although literary references for mechanical revolving repositories and book cases of Buddhist temples trace back to at least during the Tang dynasty they came to prominence during the Song dynasty. In another temple there is an octagonal kiosque, having from the top to the bottom fifteen stories.
Each story contains apartments decorated with lacquer in the Cathayan manner, with ante-rooms and verandahs It is entirely made of polished wood, and this again gilded so admirably that it seems to be of solid gold.
There is a vault below it. An iron shaft fixed in the center of the kiosque traverses it from bottom to top, and the lower end of this works in an iron plate, whilst the upper end bears on strong supports in the roof of the edifice which contains this pavilion. Thus a person in the vault can with a trifling exertion cause this great kiosque to revolve.
All the carpenters, smiths, and painters in the world would learn something in their trades by coming here! In the field of manufacturing textilesJoseph Needham — wrote that the Chinese invented the quilling -wheel by the 12th century,  and wrote the mechanical belt drive was known since the 11th century.
The pulley bearing the eccentric lug is provided with a groove for the reception of the driving belt, an endless band which responds to the movement of the machine by continuously rotating the pulley.
This meant that parents could encourage sons to learn to read and write and therefore be able to take the imperial examination and become part of the growing learned bureaucracy. The Bencao on traditional Chinese medicine ; printed with woodblock inSong dynasty For printing, the mass production of paper for writing was already well established in China.
The papermaking process had been perfected and standardized by the Han dynasty court eunuch Cai Lun 50— inand was in widespread use for writing even by the 3rd century. For example, for the printing of paper money alone, the Song court established several government-run mints and factories in the cities of HuizhouChengduHangzhouand Anqi.
The flamethrower found its origins in Byzantine -era Greece, employing Greek fire a chemically complex, highly flammable petrol fluid in a device with a siphon hose by the 7th century. Southern Tang forces attempted to use flamethrowers against the Song navy, but were accidentally consumed by their own fire when violent winds swept in their direction.
The manuscript stated that: The shells are made of cast iron, as large as a bowl and shaped like a ball. They are sent flying towards the enemy camp from an eruptor; and when they get there a sound like a thunder-clap is heard, and flashes of light appear.
If ten of these shells are fired successfully into the enemy camp, the whole place will be set ablaze As noted before, the change in terminology for these new weapons during the Song period were gradual. The early Song cannons were at first termed the same way as the Chinese trebuchet catapult.
A later Ming dynasty scholar known as Mao Yuanyi would explain this use of terminology and true origins of the cannon in his text of the Wubei Zhiwritten in The Song people used the turntable trebuchet, the single-pole trebuchet and the squatting-tiger trebuchet. They were the ancestors of the cannon.
When the Northern Song capital of Kaifeng fell to the Jurchens init was written by Xia Shaozeng that 20, fire arrows were handed over to the Jurchens in their conquest. In ancient China, the sluice gate, the canal lockand flash lock had been known since at least the 1st century BCE as sources then alluded that they were not new innovationsduring the ancient Han dynasty BCE— CE.
The historical text of the Song Shi compiled in stated that in Qiao Weiyue also built five double slipways lit. Each of these had ten lanes for the barges to go up and down. Their cargoes of imperial tax-grain were heavy, and as they were passing over they often came to grief and were damaged or wrecked, with loss of the grain and peculation by a cabal of the workers in league with local bandits hidden nearby.
Qiao Weiyue therefore first ordered the construction of two gates at the third dam along the West River near Huaiyin. He also built a horizontal bridge to protect their foundations. After this was done to all the double slipways the previous corruption was completely eliminated, and the passage of the boats went on without the slightest impediment.
This practice became widespread, and was even written of by the Chinese polymath scientist Shen Kuo in his Dream Pool Essays This is best represented in the Dongpo Zhilin of the governmental official and famous poet Su Shi —who wrote about two decades before Shen Kuo in Several years ago the government built sluice gates for the silt fertilization method, though many people disagreed with the plan.
In spite of all opposition it was carried through, yet it had little success. When the torrents on Fan Shan were abundant, the gates were kept closed, and this caused damage by flooding of fields, tombs, and houses.
Finally the government got tired of it and stopped. In this connection I remember reading the Jiayipan of Bai Juyi the poet in which he says that he once had a position as Traffic Commissioner.So let’s ponder the once imponderable.
The starting point is that Li Hongyi is a civil servant. This is an important distinction because it signifies a clear intent to embark on a career and.
During the Song dynasty, the scholar Zhu Xi () was very influential in the Confucian revival of the time. In addition to the Five Classics that had been the basis for Confucian study since the Han dynasty ( BCE CE), Zhu Xi emphasized the Four Books as a basis for Confucian learning.
Song dynasty, Wade-Giles romanization Sung, (–), Chinese dynasty that ruled the country during one of its most brilliant cultural epochs.
It is commonly divided into Bei (Northern) and Nan (Southern) Song periods, as the dynasty ruled only in South China after The Song Dynasty: Interactions The Song set up supervised markets along the border to encourage trade between them and its neighbors.
In CE the government established the first Maritime Trade Supervisorate followed by four others. Pop's Chock'lit Shoppe is a mainstay for Riverdale.
The diner setting suits the dark feel of the teen mystery while having the retro vibe of the older comics. The development and expansion of Islam spurs greater cross-cultural interactions with Europe, Africa, and Asia.
State-building in China. Migrations in Africa and the Pacific. Human movement spreads knowledge, goods, and disease.