By Rob Payne Think Pieces September 24, Last week, America experienced yet another tragic mass shooting when a government contractor used his security clearance to enter and open fire on the Washington, D. He killed twelve people and died himself in a shootout with the police.
Albert Bierstadt The Campfire Mosaic showing Roman entertainments that would have been offered at the gladiatorial games, The enjoyment of television violence the 1st century The "ancient craft of communicating events and experiences, using words, images, sounds and gestures" by telling a story  is not only the means by which people passed on their cultural values and traditions and history from one generation to another, it has been an important part of most forms of entertainment ever since the earliest times.
Stories are still told in the early forms, for example, around a fire while campingor when listening to the stories of another culture as a tourist. Many types are blended or supported by other forms.
For example, drama, stories and banqueting or dining are commonly enhanced by music; sport and games are incorporated into other activities to increase appeal.
Some may have evolved from serious or necessary activities such as running and jumping into competition and then become entertainment. It is said, for example, that pole vaulting "may have originated in the Netherlands, where people used long poles to vault over wide canals rather than wear out their clogs walking miles to the nearest bridge.
Others maintain that pole vaulting was used in warfare to vault over fortress walls during battle. Vaulting poles, for example, were originally made from woods such as ashhickory or hazel ; in the 19th century bamboo was used and in the 21st century poles can be made of carbon fibre.
Gladiatorial combatsalso known as "gladiatorial games", popular during Roman times, provide a good example of an activity that is a combination of sport, punishment, and entertainment.
Hunting wild animals, for example, was introduced into the Roman Empire from Carthage and became a popular public entertainment and spectacle, supporting an international trade in wild animals. During the Chinese Cultural Revolutionfor example, Revolutionary opera was sanctioned by the Communist party and World War Ithe Great Depression and the Russian revolution all affected entertainment.
For example, a story told in dramatic form can be presented in an open-air theatre, a music halla movie theatrea multiplexor as technological possibilities advanced, via a personal electronic device such as a tablet computer.
Entertainment is provided for mass audiences in purpose-built structures such as a theatreauditoriumor stadium. New stadia continue to be built to suit the ever more sophisticated requirements of global audiences.
Tournament before an audience and musicians 14th century Ralph Hedley The Tournament Children adapting a courtly entertainment Imperial and royal courts have provided training grounds and support for professional entertainers, with different cultures using palaces, castles and forts in different ways.
In the Maya city statesfor example, "spectacles often took place in large plazas in front of palaces; the crowds gathered either there or in designated places from which they could watch at a distance. For example, the durbar was introduced to India by the Mughalsand passed onto the British Empirewhich then followed Indian tradition: This was the case with "masked dance-dramas" in Korea, which "originated in conjunction with village shaman rituals and eventually became largely an entertainment form for commoners".
Another evolution, similar to that from courtly entertainment to common practice, was the transition from religious ritual to secular entertainment, such as happened during the Goryeo dynasty with the Narye festival.
Originally "solely religious or ritualistic, a secular component was added at the conclusion".
In some courts, such as those during the Byzantine Empirethe genders were segregated among the upper classes, so that "at least before the period of the Komnenoi " — men were separated from women at ceremonies where there was entertainment such as receptions and banquets.
Such events reinforce the relationship between ruler and ruled; between those with power and those without, serving to "dramatise the differences between ordinary families and that of the ruler".
Court entertainments were typically performed for royalty and courtiers as well as "for the pleasure of local and visiting dignitaries". In the court at the Palace of Versailles"thousands of courtiers, including men and women who inhabited its apartments, acted as both performers and spectators in daily rituals that reinforced the status hierarchy".
For example, during earlier centuries in Europe, watching or participating in the punishment of criminals or social outcasts was an accepted and popular form of entertainment.Paper presented at the 7th International Congress of the Association for Pre- and Perinatal Psychology and Health.
This essay is a précis of a book in preparation which has the tentative title: Understanding The Moral Imperative For Violence: Consequences of the "Unbonded" Child and Gender Inequality.
Kids, violence and computer games. US researchers have found a link between violent computer games and kids' behaviour - and the effect may be long-lasting.
PS: I wanted to mention, but omitted, that an unequivocal commitment to non-violence makes it easier to isolate and identify agents provocateurs (like the appalling Patrick Howley), and hooligans like the rioters in Rome (a mixture of self-styled anarchists and rightwing soccer thugs according to the NYT).
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and leslutinsduphoenix.com can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be one of the activities or events that have developed over thousands of years specifically for the purpose of keeping an audience's attention.
Although people's attention is held by different things, because individuals have. ←Kurt Sutter to the Parents Television Council President: 'You're a Pathetic F**king Douchebag and I Bet Your Own Kids Hate You' First Look At Jim Carrey And Emmy Thief Jeff Daniels Is, Yup, Just About As Dumb As You'd Expect→.
The effect of video game violence on physiological desensitization to real-life violence ☆.