Different tribes of Native Americans lived in the area that is now California for an estimated 13, to 15, years. Over tribes and bands inhabited the area. The natives controlled fire on a regional scale to create a low-intensity fire ecology which prevented larger, catastrophic fires and sustained a low-density agriculture in loose rotation; a sort of "wild" permaculture.
These women have revolutionized everyday tasks with their inventions, smashed the glass ceiling to smithereens in the business world, fought for our freedom during the Civil Rights Movement and continue to push for further inclusion and diversity in the media for future generations to come.
Let these ladies inspire you to think outside of the box and to find a window when it seems like all the doors are closed.
Rosa Parks Best known for her refusal to leave her seat for a white passenger on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks sparked a citywide boycott of buses that led to a law desegregating buses across the nation.
Her trial inspired further efforts to desegregate public places in a peaceful manner, solidifying her name in the history books as one of the most influential people in the fight for racial equality.
Rosa also worked with Planned Parenthood and founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development, which uses bus tours to educate young people about Black history.
She has published two books and received numerous accolades for her work in the Civil Rights Movement. After her passing inshe was also immortalised in a statue and postal stamp on the anniversary of what would have been her th birthday by President Obama in She also invented a scalp protector to make the experience less painful.
The perm machine made Marjorie the first Black woman in history to receive a patent for her work, but unfortunately all the royalties and rights to her invention went to Madame C. In addition to her inventions, Marjorie worked tirelessly to improve the lives of her fellow beauticians and hair stylists.
She also raised money for Black colleges and founded the Alpha Chi Pi Omega sorority and fraternity to raise the standards for beauticians. Mary Kenner Mary received five patents in her lifetime for household items including the sanitary belt maxi padsthe bathroom tissue holder, a back washer that mounted on the wall of the shower and the carrier attachment on walkers for disabled people.
She worked as a florist and credited her father for encouraging her creativity during her childhood. Despite her major success, Mary maintained that she created these items because she enjoyed making life easier for people and it was never about the money.
Ruane Jeter Ruane was most notably the inventor of the toaster, but along with the help of Sheila Lynn Jeter, they created many items of stationery. This included sheathed scissors, the stapler, a staple remover and many multi-purpose office supplies.
Her toaster had a digital clock that timed how long food should stay in depending on how well done you wanted it.
This toaster could also be used for bagels, waffles and pop tarts, in addition to bread. They were prime examples of how to follow through on your ideas. Alice Parker Alice designed a gas heating furnace, which led to the modern version of central heating that we use today.
Her design negated the need to stock and burn wood in a traditional furnace for heat, making the system a lot safer for people to operate and regulate.
She recognized the need for this improved design, when like the rest of us, she grew tired of being freezing and found the fireplace ineffective in warming the rest of her house. Mary McLeod Bethune Mary was a pioneer for education and a civil rights activist.The growing free African American population in the capital worried pro-slavery white people, including the mayor, Robert Brent, and the Board of Aldermen, the .
Free People of Color. Gender. Hashtag Syllabi. Higher Education.
Hip-Hop. historiography. Enslaved people forfeited social capital when separations prevented ancestors’ wisdom and knowledge from being passed to the next generation.
They paid with ruined health. The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World (New York, NY: Oxford. The upshot: As cotton became the backbone of the Southern economy, slavery drove impressive profits.
The benefits of slave-produced cotton extended to industries beyond the South.  See Steven M. Wise, Though the Heavens may Fall: The Landmark Trial that led to the End of Human Slavery, Pimlico, Capitalism is an economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Characteristics central to capitalism include private property, capital accumulation, wage labor, voluntary exchange, a price system, and competitive markets. In a capitalist market economy, decision-making and .
Each generation seems condemned to have to prove the obvious anew: slavery created the modern world, and the modern world’s divisions are the product of slavery.