I want to start with some apologies. For the record, here and upfront, I apologise for having spent several years ripping up GM crops. I am also sorry that I helped to start the anti-GM movement back in the mid s, and that I thereby assisted in demonising an important technological option which can be used to benefit the environment. As an environmentalist, and someone who believes that everyone in this world has a right to a healthy and nutritious diet of their choosing, I could not have chosen a more counter-productive path.
Types of Scientific Literature Types of Scientific Literature While the research article is the workhorse of the scientific literature, it is by no Scientific concept paper relating alzheimers and literature the only game in town.
Presented below, in no particular order, is a brief list of some of the various types of written information that scientists may consult during the course of their work.
For a brief introduction to the peer review process and primary research articles, see my Very Brief Introduction to the Scientific Literature. Most often published in peer reviewed journals, primary research articles report on the findings of a scientists work. They will almost always include a description of how the research was done and what the results mean.
Joe Dunckley over at the blog Journalologyhas a nice series of posts about what the scientific paper is and what may be wrong with the current model.
Review articles — These can be easily confused with primary research articles. They are also published in peer reviewed journals, but seek to synthesize and summarize the work of a particular sub-field, rather than report on new results.
Students who are asked to use only primary research articles for their projects can still find review articles useful — they can provide background information and their Works Cited sections can contain a wealth of useful references.
I have briefly summarized the difference between primary research articles and review articles in my Very Brief Introduction to the Scientific Literature. These articles can be well researched and include a lot of citations to the peer reviewed literature, or simple items without citations. They can appear in peer reviewed journals, in trade publications, or in popular publications although the items that appear in trade or popular publications are often easier for students to recognize as not-primary research articles.
Trade publication articles — Between the standard scholarly journals Nature, Journal of the American Chemical Society and the popular publications Time, Newsweek, Scientific American lie the Trade publications.
These publications are often aimed at medical professionals Vaccine Weekly or particular disciplines Chemical and Engineering News.
Articles in these publications may be several pages long and include a few references, but they are usually summarizing research published in other publications or reporting on industry news. These can be helpful for keeping up with your discipline or finding a research topic.
News — Science news articles can be found in a wide variety of publications. Popular newspapers and magazines, trade publications and scholarly publications can all have science news articles.
These articles often will refer to a recent study published as a primary research article. Blog posts — The world of scholarly publication is changing, although no one is quite sure what it is evolving into.
We do know that scientists are blogging about all kinds of things: Blogs can be a great way to get involved in the scientific community, and many scientific blog posts can point you back to the peer reviewed literature. How blogs will be valued as a means for communicating research findings is still in question.
While some scholars continue to dismiss blogs as a scholarly medium, other have embraced their potential for communicating science quickly and effectively. Article comments formal, reviewed — Traditionally, if you had a criticism of a published journal article, you submitted a formal comment.
These short pieces would be reviewed by editors or possibly peer-reviewers, and published in a subsequent journal issue. In the print world, it was practically impossible to know what articles had been commented on or where to find the comments. Now that almost every journal is online, a link to a formal comment is often included on the site for the original article.
Article comments online, with or without moderation — Since one of the problems with formal article comments is slow turn around time, many online journal systems have the ability to allow users to comment directly on the articles.
Interestingly, many online journal articles have not seen a large amount of comments, but blog posts about those articles can have comments. The reports they produce are not often peer reviewed, but can be an important part of the scientific literature. These reports can be found in scholarly databases and on the web, and are classified by some folks as gray Literature see below.
A post-print refers to the same article after peer review but before typesetting. Often considered gray literature see below Field Trip guides — More common in geology than in other scientific disciplines, these guides are often considered a part of the gray literature.
They may be produced locally or published more widely. Field trips are often a major part of large and small conferences. It typically referred to items that could be difficult to find, although I believe this distinction is becoming less important as these items are now often discoverable in internet search engines.Research Questions for Literature Reviews Why a Literature Review?
specialty populations, type of school, and so on. You could do a historical study of how the concept of classroom management has changed over the decades. manage a paper the length of a literature review if multiple questions are embedded in your research.
Jan 19, · Science Topics for Research Papers. Updated on May 15, Virginia Kearney. more. Can you suggest a scientific topic for a literature review?
Answer: What are some temperature related science topics that would be good to research? Answer: 1. How has the temperature of our planet changed during recorded Reviews: "Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disease of the human brain that is characterized by impairment of memory and a disturbance in at least one other thinking Consequently, most people do not die from Alzheimer’s, but other health related problems.
Literature Papers Political Science Papers Computer Science Papers Technology Papers. Below is an approximation of this video’s audio content.
To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. Greger may be referring, watch the above video. Nov 13, · ScienceDaily features breaking news about the latest discoveries in science, health, the environment, technology, and more -- from major news services and leading universities, scientific .
The review of the literature for the Concept Paper should be kept brief. The Concept Paper is not the place for lengthy accounts of what other authors have written or researchers have found. Rather it is the synthesis and integration of key research related to your dissertation topic.