A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object.
Specific phobias Definition Specific phobia is a type of disorder in which the affected individual displays a marked and enduring fear of specific situations or objects. Individuals with specific phobias experience extreme fear as soon as they encounter a defined situation or object, a phobic stimulus.
For example, an individual with a specific phobia of dogs will become anxious when coerced to confront a dog. The specific phobia triggers a lot of distress or significantly impairs an affected individual.
Formerly, specific phobia was known as simple phobia. In the last few years, mental health professionals have paid more attention to specific phobias.
Description Specific phobia has a unique position among the anxiety disorders in that individuals with this disorder do not experience pervasive anxiety nor do they seek treatment as readily as individuals with other anxiety disorders.
Unlike individuals with other anxiety disorders, the fear of individuals with specific phobias is limited to defined situations or objects. Individuals with specific phobias experience impairment or a significant amount of anguish. They may lead restricted lifestyles depending upon the phobia type.
Adults and adolescents with specific phobias recognize that their fear is unreasonable. Children, on the other hand, may not recognize that their fear of the phobic stimulus is unreasonable or extreme.
The types of specific phobias include situational, object, and other.
The situational type is diagnosed if an individual's fear is cued by a defined situation. Examples include situations such as flying, enclosed places, tunnels, driving, bridges, elevators, or public transportation.
Object types include animal, natural environment, and blood-injection-injury types. Animal type is diagnosed if an individual's fear is cued by animals or insects. Natural environment type is diagnosed if an individual's fear is cued by storms, water, or heights. Blood-injection-injury type is diagnosed if an individual's fear is cued by seeing an injury or blood or by an injection or other invasive medical treatment.
Other type is diagnosed if an individual's fear is cued by other stimuli such as fears of vomiting, choking, becoming ill, and falling down if far from a means of physical support, and a child's fears of loud noises or characters in costumes.
Researchers have found that the frequency of type for adults in clinical settings, from least to most frequent, is: The most common phobias for community samples, however, include phobias of heights, mice, spiders, and insects.
Causes and symptoms Causes The development of a specific phobia may be determined by a variety of factors. Behavioral, cognitive, and social theories of learning and conditioning, psychodynamic models such as the psychoanalytic theory of Freud, physiological studies of the brainfamily background and genetic predisposition, variations in sociocultural themes, and theories on trauma can influence the development of specific phobia disorder.
Some theorists propose that biological researchers have ignored specific phobias because pharmacological treatment is not the treatment of choice for this disorder. As ofresearch on phobias focuses on information-processing, learning, and conditioning themes. Learning to experience fear is the core of a conditioning perspective.
Informational and instructional factors can result in the formation of fears. For example, an individual who frequently hears of plane crashes in the news may develop a specific phobia of flying. Research shows that individuals with specific phobias pay more attention to information about danger than do individuals who do not have specific phobias.
Vicarious acquisition occurs when an individual witnesses a traumatic event or sees another individual behave with fear when confronting a phobic stimulus. Direct conditioning occurs when an individual is frightened by a phobic stimulus. A major determinant of specific phobias is conditioning.
Association and avoidance are types of conditioning. In association conditioning, a stimulus that was initially neutral begins to trigger an anxiety response. For example, if an individual was driving one day and experienced a strong anxiety response, an association may form between driving and anxiety.
Individuals do not learn to become phobic until they begin to avoid. In avoidance conditioning, individuals learn to avoid a stimulus that triggers anxiety. Every time individuals avoid the phobic stimulus—driving, for example—they are rewarded by the relief from anxiety.
A determinant of specific phobias includes traumas. For example, individuals who have been attacked by a dog may develop a specific phobia disorder and become conditioned to fear dogs.Having phobias and fears is common, and often rational. However, if these fears begin to interfere with daily life, consult with a doctor.
For example, a phobia of driving on the freeway should not be so strong that it keep a person from driving to work or leslutinsduphoenix.com://leslutinsduphoenix.com · This website is dedicated to fears and phobias.
It contains a large list of phobias and teaches how to cope with and ultimately cure your fear. These are the top phobias in the world, with the most common ones listed from the top.
|THIRTY WAYS TO MANAGE PUBLIC SPEAKING ANXIETY||Symptoms[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.|
|RECENT ARTICLES||A stiffening of the upper back muscles Nausea and a feeling of panic when faced with having to speak in public Intense anxiety at the thought of speaking in front of a group.|
|Glossophobia: Fear Of Public Speaking | leslutinsduphoenix.com||And how many of these fears do you suffer from?|
Glossophobia – The fear of public speaking. Not being able to do speeches. Monophobia – The fear of leslutinsduphoenix.com · Glossophobia is the fear of public speaking. The word glossophobia comes from the Greek γλῶσσα glōssa, meaning tongue, and φόβος phobos, fear or dread. Glossophobia is the technical term given to a severe fear of public speaking.
People who suffer from glossophobia tend to freeze in front of any audience, even a couple of leslutinsduphoenix.com Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Seif on using classical conditioning to help with fear of public speaking: Psychotherapy is natural ;) & would be a good thing to leslutinsduphoenix.com Glossophobia, a fear of public speaking, is one of the most common of phobias and one that must be overcome by many individuals who find themselves in the position of having to make a speech to a group of people for business, professional, or educational leslutinsduphoenix.com · When it comes to fears -- or at least admitting to them -- clear gender differences emerge.
The survey reveals that women are more likely than men to be fearful of most of the situations tested, but in particular, women disproportionately fear reptiles, rodents and insects:leslutinsduphoenix.com