Byit was eighty-six to one. Assortative mating refers to the phenomenon of people marrying people with similar background, for example doctors marrying doctors rather than nurses.
It is a situation where a country runs an unindustrialized economy with poor capital formation and debased living standards ,meaning underdevelopment takes place when resources are not used to their full "Socio - Economic" Potential, with the result that local or regional development is slower in most cases than the complex interplay of internal and external factors that allow less developed countries only a lop-sided development progression.
Just as all hands are not equal, likewise countries of the world in terms of development. Some have faced rapid development, while their counterparts still wallow in the painful shells of underdevelopment.
Underdeveloped nations are characterized by a wide disparity between their rich and poor populations and an unhealthy balance of trade.
Nigeria however, is one of the countries in Africa that would be grouped as "underdeveloped". This is because since her independence in October 1,it has been quintessentially hungry amidst plenty resources.
Nigeria manifests underdevelopment all through her length and breath. A country where oddities walk on their two legs, the result is the vicious circle of poverty, ignorance, diseases, etc. Considering the fact that development is an important factor in the world, so many scholars, through schools of thought have tried to analyze the causes, likewise possible steps for eradication.
However, this research is geared towards analyzing the causes as well as effects of underdevelopment in Nigeria since her independence. Accordingly, while the first chapter traditionally establishes the preliminary background by providing such basis as; the problem statement, purpose of study, limitations of study, theoretical framework, etc.
The third chapter would explore the causes of underdevelopment in Nigeria, based on the impact of colonialism, leadership cum political crises and corrupt practices in the country. The fourth chapter would concentrate on the effect of the above indicated indices as evidence in the collapse of social and infrastructural facilities, high unemployment and inflation rates, mass poverty and ignorance.
The fifth and final chapter summarize and concludes with programmatic recommendations.
She is with no doubt, blessed with huge and enviable concentration of human and natural resources distributed all over her territory. Despite this, the citizens of Nigeria still live in penury. Striving hard to survive under unfavourable conditions below poverty line.
Nigeria has become indisputably, an epitome of underdevelopment arising from socio-economic, political, technological and educational backwardness. Judging historically, it has been revealed that attempts have been made at various degrees by successive governments to fix a shattering state with little meaningful impacts.
Dependency theory states that the poverty of the countries in the periphery is not because they are not integrated into the world system but because of how they are integrated into the system and this defines Nigeria.
This could be observed from the way we provide our natural resources, cheap labour etc. Africa at large was equally in focus as countries in the continent share almost common development challenges.
However, this work cannot lay claims to exhaustiveness in all pertaining to the concept of underdevelopment. P verma can be rightly called the chief system theorist and from his postulations, system is basically made up of various interrelated component parts, working together to define the whole.
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Each component part of the system affects and is affected by the other. The character and efficiency of each sub-system determines the efficiency of the whole system.
Studying Nigeria based on the system theory, it says that Nigeria is underdeveloped because the sub-components of the social system are ailing and underdeveloped. This translates into a cycle of poor standard of living. The Marxist perspective to the issues of development and underdevelopment did not differ from the views of the preceding scholars.
However Karl Marx was very particular when he upheld that underdevelopment stemmed from the European imperialism which further underdeveloped the already disadvantaged territories. In the same way, the radical revolutionist writer, "Walter Rodney" in his work, "How Europe Underdeveloped Africa", rightly pointed out that underdevelopment is caused and sustained by persistent colonialism.
He stated, "Underdevelopment is the sustained account of persistent colonialism"."We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing" By Konstantin Josef Jireček, a Czech historian, diplomat and slavist.
Underdevelopment of Africa - Underdevelopment of Africa Underdevelopment in Africa is a problem that has been plaguing the countries all over the continent for a very long time. Ageing and Care of Older Persons in Southern Africa: Lesotho and Zimbabwe Compared. Jotham Dhemba, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work; National University of Lesotho Bennadate Dhemba, Formerly Department of Social Services, Harare.
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs observes that the population of the world is ageing rapidly . INTRODUCTION Development has meant many things, depending on the era and context.
For the scope of this paper, development refers to economic growth that leads to increased standard of living. Ranging from it's causes and multifaceted effects on Nigerians to possible solutions. Africa at large was equally in focus as countries in the continent share almost common development challenges.
However, this work cannot lay claims to exhaustiveness in all pertaining to the concept of underdevelopment. ABSTRACT. While prisons in Africa are often considered the worst in the world many other prisons systems are worse off in terms of violence, overcrowding and a host of other problems.